The public will be able to convert vacant plots of land and derelict buildings into new homes or community spaces.
- New Right to Regenerate will enable public to require councils and public sector to sell unused land and assets
- Proposals for public to have first right of refusal to purchase underused land‚ÄĮin England
- Land to be sold by default, unless compelling reason not to
- Making it simpler, quicker and easier for public to transform vacant land and derelict buildings into homes, businesses or community spaces
The public will be able to convert vacant plots of land and derelict buildings into new homes or community spaces, under plans announced today by the Housing Secretary, Robert Jenrick MP. Today‚Äôs announcement builds on measures the government is taking to regenerate urban areas across England, including encouraging councils in urban areas to plan for more homes and make the most of brownfield land.
The ‚ÄėRight to Regenerate‚Äô proposals would make it easier to challenge councils and other public organisations to release land for redevelopment ‚Äď helping communities make better use of public land and give a new lease of life to unloved buildings. Underused public land could be sold to individuals or communities by default, unless there is a compelling reason the owner should hold onto it. Under the proposals, public bodies would need to have clear plans for land in the near future, even if only a temporary use before later development ‚Äď if the land is kept for too long without being used, they would be required to sell it.
The strengthened rights would also apply to unused publicly owned social housing and garages providing opportunities to transform the local housing stock. The latest figures show there were over 25,000 vacant council owned homes and according to recent FOI data over 100,000 empty council-owned garages last year.
In practice this could mean if a member of the public had an unused plot of land at the back of their house owned by the council, they could use the new Right to Regenerate.¬†If the land was determined to be underused with no plans to bring it into use, it would be sold and the person making the request could have first right of refusal to purchase ‚Äď enabling them to extend their garden, or for the community to come together to use the land in a beneficial way.
The proposed measures provide an opportunity for the public and local communities to redevelop and transform eyesores, taking control of unused local land or buildings and transforming them into something they want in their area. This builds on the government‚Äôs drive to encourage development on brownfield land and more beautiful buildings that are in line with local preferences.
“Right to Regenerate is the simple way to turn public land into public good, with land sold by default, unless there is a very compelling reason not to do so. We are cutting through red tape so that communities can make better use of available land and derelict buildings, which means more new homes, businesses and community assets. Millions of people will now be able to buy that empty property, unused garage or parcel of land and turn it into something good for them and their community.”
– Housing Secretary Rt Hon Robert Jenrick MP
Tom Chance, Chief Executive of the National Community Land Trust Network welcomed these plans that could help communities to turn abandoned and neglected land and buildings into fantastic community assets.¬†There are hundreds of community land trusts across the country wanting to build much needed affordable housing, but getting hold of land at an affordable price is a huge barrier, he noted.
The new process will be fast and simple, and the Secretary of State will act as an arbiter to ensure fairness and speedy outcomes in all cases.
The potential for communities to be given first right of refusal could be a gamechanger. The government encourages everyone to read through the proposals and respond to the consultation. The consultation opens today and closes on‚ÄĮ13 March.
The Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980 empowers the Secretary of State to direct a body within a specific list of bodies, set out in Schedule 16 to that Act, to take steps to dispose of their interest in that land where that land is not being used or not being sufficiently used. This policy has two strands. Strand 1 covers central government bodies on a voluntary, non-statutory basis, and is administered by the Cabinet Office. Strand 2 covers those public bodies set out in Schedule 16 of the 1980 Act and is administered by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. This consultation relates to Strand 2.
The idea of giving the public the right to regenerate their communities is not new. In 1980, Michael Heseltine introduced powers that form part of the current ‚ÄėRight to Contest‚Äô ‚Äď giving the public the power to request the sale of underused land owned by public bodies in England, and these were extended through the Community Right to Reclaim Land, in 2011.
However, since the 2014 creation of the Right to Contest, only 192 requests have been made under this power and only one has been granted, having usually been refused because the owner had future plans for the land, which meant some sites were left unused for years. Today‚Äôs proposals will revitalise and strengthen the right to encourage more successful requests.
Further proposals in the new Right to Regenerate consultation will include giving the requester the exclusive right to buy the land at market value for a period of time (a ‚Äėright of first refusal‚Äô). Under the current Right to Contest, there is no expectation that a requester would have a right of first refusal rather than the land being placed on the open market, giving people less incentive to make a request.
In addition to making it easier to make a request for land to be sold, the consultation proposes measures to improve transparency and assisting with record-keeping by requiring councils to follow publicity measures including:
- submitting quarterly reports on the number of preliminary enquiries‚ÄĮmade
- physical and electronic notices to be displayed where a request has been made to release a site
- all requests, together with their reasoning and outcomes, to be published on councils‚Äô websites
Image by William / Adobe Stock